The internet is as much a place of communication for today’s children as it is in the backyard. But it’s much easier to get into trouble. Children provide as much reliable information about themselves as possible, unlike mostly anonymous abusers.
Extremist websites, sects, scammers, phishers, spammers, online games promoting sex, cruelty and violence – a child can fall for any of these hooks.
“‘Search’ in search
In Ugra, dangerous websites have been actively discovered and blocked using the Search automated information system developed by the Ugra research institute for information technologies and Ugra’s IT department. Incidentally, it was this system that helped uncover the trade in counterfeit COVID-19 certificates. Using keywords, Search identifies an average of 100-120 thousand potentially dangerous resources a year. “The system can analyse information material and even find destructive images from video images. For example, of suicidal or narcotic nature. If there is a picture of an explosive or a bomb, it will also detect it,” Yury Torgashin, the first deputy director of the Ugra Information Technology Department, explains. The system will detect it, but only a person can determine whether a resource is dangerous or not.
Go to jail for reposting
The special services are unable to process information about thousands of websites. Cyberguard groups are here to help. These are regional youth associations overseen by the Safe Internet League. Young people are trained to pick out the really dangerous information from the sea. Before the pandemic, the cyber guard of Nizhnevartovsk State University alone blocked about a dozen banned websites a week. More than a thousand a year. Anyone can inform the authorities about suspicious resources. Roskomnadzor has developed a special form for this purpose. To find it, you can type “unified register of banned websites” into a search engine. And then enter the address of the suspicious resource and the type of information. It is not necessary to leave any personal data. The information will be forwarded to the relevant authority for review. “The decision on suicides is made by Rospotrebnadzor specialists. For drugs, it is officers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. As for child pornography, it is Roskomnadzor,” said Ruslan Dzhumasov, Deputy Head of Roskomnadzor for the Tyumen Region, Yugra and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area.
Digital hygiene rules should be taught in the same way as hand washing and teeth brushing
Cyberguard kids know that you have to be very careful about what you post on your page. “Many people don’t know that even reposting an organisation, book or film that is banned in Russia can get a real sentence. You might end up in prison for reposting,” claims Aliya Khisanova, a member of the Youth Parliament at the Yugra Duma.
Now there are filters for access to different kinds of information resources on computers at all schools, higher educational institutions and colleges. But! Children carry gadgets with them. Yugra is one of the leaders in mobile Internet usage. And it is he who poses the main danger. Unfortunately, you can’t pack all the gadgets into the basket before entering the classroom – that would qualify as trespassing on private property. But you can buy a separate SIM card for your child and, together with the mobile network operator, limit unwanted content when you buy it.
Apart from illegal content, which everyone is targeting, there are other dangers on the internet. For example, bullying games or cyberbullying – bullying someone on the internet. In a word, if there is a child, there will be dangers. Posting pictures on social networks is also dangerous. “Poles have a saying: “Everything is for sale”. It condemns people who have nothing hidden, nothing secret. If I have people close to me: women, children, grandchildren, why spread it on the internet? We teach our children that we give everything away. Why should we?” – asks Professor Alexander Semyonov, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences. And the President of Russia Vladimir Putin stated that the internet is capable to destroy the society from inside if it does not obey the moral laws. By the way, there is no sense of shame on the level of instincts. It has to be shaped. So you can’t make a mess without parents to protect children from information filth.
Teachers and IT professionals discussed the topic of child Internet security at the recently held conference on Infosecurity in the Yugra capital. The main conclusion of the meeting was simple: until a child learns to be careful, no prohibitions will be able to protect him/her. Digital hygiene rules should be taught in the same way as hand washing and teeth brushing… The essence of conventional hygiene is to keep the germs out of the home and the body. Digital – not to make personal life and personal data public.
The school experience
Two years ago, all parents of first-graders were given free access to Kaspersky Lab’s SafeKids app through their electronic diaries. It allows them to monitor the time their child spends online, the resources they visit and can even track their location. The list of free users has now been expanded to Grade 7. “Everything in the app is lined up according to the age of the child: some sites a 15-year-old can see, but clearly should not be shown to a 6-year-old. There is advice from psychologists. They help parents properly communicate to their child how to behave on the Internet and why the app is installed on their smartphone or tablet,” explained Pavel Tsiporin, Director of the Yugra IT Department.
More than 43 thousand keys to the SafeKids app have already been issued. But there are over 165 thousand children from the 1st to 7th grades in the Okrug! Some parents find it difficult to use the app and ignore even a free opportunity to protect their child from online dangers.